Friday, October 10, 2014

Dialogue: a Catholic Response to Violence and Fear

by Bishop Denis Maden

This summer saw heartbreaking acts of violence throughout the world, especially in the Middle East,
with the near eradication of Iraq’s ancient Christian communities by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and the execution of American journalist James Foley. Atrocities can shock us into silence and feelings of helplessness, but, as Washington’s Cardinal Donald Wuerl recently insisted, these events intensify our duty to speak out. Last month, the U.S. bishops’ Committee on Ecumenical and Interreligious Dialogue spoke out with a statement reaffirming our commitment to dialogue with Muslims.

For many, this might seem counterintuitive. Dialogue in the face of savage, unreasoning violence? Engagement with the religion many people automatically (and wrongly) blame for this violence? But the bishops insist that “the most efficient way to work toward ending or at least curtailing such violence and prejudice is through building networks of dialogue that can overcome ignorance, extremism, and discrimination and so lead to friendship and trust with Muslims.”

This is not only about countering the violent extremism of a group like ISIS, but building a future in which the seeds of such extremism wither and die rather than take root. Pope Francis has repeatedly urged dialogue among all people as a way of leading to understanding and friendship and as “the only way to peace.”

The quest for understanding, friendship and peace must also take place in our communities and in our parishes. In July, Newsweek reported that Islamophobia in America is on the rise. This is tragic, especially since one lesson we should take from these recent horrors is the danger posed to the whole human family whenever any minority, religious or otherwise, is perceived as an evil or a threat. It’s crucial that Catholics understand and espouse what was articulated at the Second Vatican Council and reiterated by popes ever since, our respect and affection for our Muslim brothers and sisters.

The official dialogues the U.S. bishops have pursued over the years with Muslim organizations in the United States have reinforced this bond. And Muslim leaders in the United States, including the Islamic Society of North America and the Muslim Public Affairs Council, have been resolute in their condemnation of the violence in Iraq and Syria. For them, the violence in these countries carries the added twinge of pain that Christians should feel when we see people, in this country or elsewhere, using our religion as an excuse for slander, bigotry or other inhospitable acts.

Unjust aggressors must be stopped, as Pope Francis has recently asserted. And especially in these moments of global turmoil and trauma, the bishops are convinced that dialogue with people different than ourselves “offers the best opportunity for fraternal growth, enrichment, witness, and ultimately peace.” On a large scale, Pope Francis calls this process building a culture of encounter. Our response to evil and violence cannot be fear of others. Fear destroys everything it touches. By continually strengthening relationships with those of differing cultural, social and religious heritage, fear is overcome.

Bishop Madden, auxiliary bishop of Baltimore, is chairman of the Committee on Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops.

Some important links:

Thursday, October 2, 2014

The Challenge of World Mission Sunday 2014

With the persecution of Christian, Muslim and religious minorities in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia and the scourge of Ebola in West Africa where our men work, there is much to pray for, ponder and learn, and do in the name of the mercy and compassion of  Jesus Christ. The Pope provides hope and encouragement during these troubling times. 

Read the World Mission Day Celebration of Pope Francis and download the reflection questions and prayers that offer us an opportunity to deepen the Pope's message.

Dear Brothers and Sisters,

Today, vast numbers of people still do not know Jesus Christ. For this reason, the mission ad gentes continues to be most urgent. All the members of the Church are called to participate in this mission, for the Church is missionary by her very nature: she was born “to go forth.” World Mission Day is a privileged moment when the faithful of various continents engage in prayer and concrete gestures of solidarity in support of the young Churches in mission lands. It is a celebration of grace and joy. A celebration of grace, because the Holy Spirit, sent by the Father, offers wisdom and strength to those who are obedient to his action. A celebration of joy, because Jesus Christ, the Father’s Son, sent to evangelize the world, supports and accompanies our missionary efforts. This joy of Jesus and missionary disciples leads me to propose a biblical icon, which we find in the Gospel of Luke (cf. 10:21-23).

1. The Evangelist tells us that the Lord sent the seventy-two disciples two by two into cities and villages to proclaim that the Kingdom of God was near, and to prepare people to meet Jesus. After carrying out this mission of preaching, the disciples returned full of joy: joy is a dominant theme of this first and unforgettable missionary experience. Yet the divine Master told them: “Do not rejoice because the demons are subject to you; but rejoice because your names are written in heaven. At that very moment Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said: ‘I give you praise, Father...’ And, turning to the disciples in private he said, ‘Blessed are the eyes that see what you see’” (Lk 10:20-21, 23).


World Mission Day 2014

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Srs. Olga Rachietti, Lucia Puliti, and Bernadetta Boggian.
After days of outpouring prayer and support from so many people the murder of our three Xaverian Missionary of Mary Sisters is starting to hit home and the grief of such a barbaric and unexpected act cuts deep. For months now we have all been following the atrocities of Islamic State toward Christians and religious minorities in Iraq and Syria and having this hit so close to home adds to that unmistakable overwhelming helplessness. All three sisters, who spent much of their religious missionary lives in Africa, were killed in two separate incidences in their residence at Blessed Guido Maria Conforti Parish, Kamenge, Bujumbura, Burundi.

Perhaps our hearts need to break in the face of great cruelty in order to allow the light of hope and courage to shine through the cracks. It is a time of prophetic mourning. "Mourn, my people, mourn. Let your pain rise up in your heart and burst forth in you with sobs and cries. Mourn for the silence between (perpetrator and victim)...Think of it as the dark force of evil that has penetrated every human heart, every family, every community, every nation and keeps you imprisoned. Cry for freedom, for salvation, for redemption.Cry loudly and deeply, and trust that your tears will make your eyes see that the Kingdom is close at hand, yes, at your fingertips. (Henry Nouwen, New Oxford Review, June 1992).

We must mourn so we do not accept as normal the hell that so often makes up our world. To properly cry is to see injustice, indifference, lack of love, and hardness of heart for what they are: evil living in the world and in us, in need of redemption. It is in the death and resurrection of Christ that this prayer arises, understanding that even these atrocities cannot overcome Christ's hope. It is stronger than death itself. Because if this I can imagine a different world, the dream of God, and are we not here to en-flesh that dream?

We pray for a new order...May your kingdom come that all people of sincere will become one community of heart. Breathe into your, joy, peace, patience, goodness, long suffering, fidelity, mildness, chastity, so that war among us becomes unthinkable. Give us what we in our helplessness cannot give ourselves and help us in our helplessness to remember that the true weapons against war are faith, prayer, fasting, and love.(Fr. Ron Rolheiser, OMI)

Press release of the Xaverian Missionaries USA on the Murder of the Xaverian Missionary of Mary Sisters

Xaverian Missionaries

St. Francis Xavier Foreign Mission Society
12 Helene Court, Wayne, NJ 07470-2813
Phone: 973-942-2975      Fax: 973-942-5012

News Release
Contact: Mary Aktay                                                

Wayne: Fr. Carl Chudy SX US Provincial Superior of the Xaverian Missionaries has issued a statement on the killing of the three Xaverian Missionary Sisters of Mary in two separate incidences in their convent at Blessed Guido Maria Conforti Parish in Kamenge, Bujumbura, Burundi.
“We deeply mourn the loss of these three women dedicated to living, serving and spreading the Gospel of Jesus in Africa,” states Fr. Carl.

Sister Lucia Pulici, 75, and Sister Olga Raschietti, 82, were found dead Sept. 7 in their mission residence in the capital of Bujumbura. Sister Bernadetta Boggian, 79, who had found the bodies, was killed the next night.

The three missionary sisters had been working in Burundi, helping the poor and the sick for the past seven years, prior to that they spent the majority of their lives working in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Sister Bernadette Boggian had been a superior of the congregation for many years. Sr. Olga Raschietti had spent the last fifty years of her life in Africa.  Xaverian sisters in Parma have told reporters that they are shocked by the killings and awed by the fact that the Kamenge mission is “full of people” who have come to mourn the nuns and express their solidarity.
The Superior of the Xaverians in the northern suburb of the capital, Bujumbura, Fr. Mario Pulcini, described the sisters as “loving caregivers…very well-loved by the people.” He says the murders appeared to be the tragic outcome of an armed robbery or a vendetta and that nothing can justify the killing.

Sister Delia Guadagnini, former Regional Superior of the Xaverian Missionary Sisters of Mary for Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi told Agenzia Fides News Service the sisters were “totally at the service of the people, making home visits, helping the poor the sisters were greatly loved by the people.” She continued: “This is why we cannot understand.  In Burundi there was never any misunderstanding and we cannot imagine who would want to hurt us in such an evil manner. What happed is a tragedy and a mystery…. The authorities in Burundi say investigations are underway and some people are being questioned. The local people are dismayed and find no explanation for such a cruel act.”

Sr. Delia, who is in Uvira (Democratic Republic of Congo) on the opposite side of Lake Tanganica to Bujumbura, went to the mission yesterday morning said the Xaverian Missionary Sisters of Mary will be going to Bujumbura for the funeral to take the sisters’ coffins to the Xaverian cemetery in Bukavu (east DRC) where on Thursday there will be a mass in the Cathedral. The bodies will not be brought back to Italy. She stated: “This was the wish of all three of our sister missionaries, and also the desire of the people they loved an served who want to keep them here in Africa: A mark of love to the end.”

His Holiness Pope Francis sent a telegram to the Superior General of the Missionary Sisters of Mary in Parma Italy saying he is “deeply saddened by the tragic death of the Xaverian Missionary Sisters killed in Burundi,” and “wishes to assure his heartfelt participation in the profound suffering of the congregation for the loss of such dedicated sisters and, in the hope that the blood they have shed may become the seed of hope to build true fraternity between peoples…”

Today, Xaverian Missionary Sisters live in some 40 communities and  are present in the United States, Italy, Brazil, Mexico, Sierra Leone, Cameroon, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Japan and Thailand. They live in small mission communities, often in areas of great poverty where they engage in evangelization, and provide health care and support to those in need.

Eight hundred Xaverian missionaries currently serve in: Bangladesh, Burundi, Brazil, Cameroon, Chad, Colombia, Dem. Republic of Congo, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Mozambique, Philippines, Sierra Leone, Spain, Thailand, Taiwan, the UK and the USA

Mission: Inspired by St. Guido Conforti and St. Francis Xavier, we, Xaverian Missionaries, serve to keep the local Church aware of, engaged with and connected to the missionary mandate of the universal Church, principally by witnessing Jesus to those who have yet to know Him.

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

“Diversity not as a threat, but as gift to be received with gratitude…”

The 26th Annual NAIN Connect Conference

by Fr. Michael Davitti SX, Director Interfaith Outreach USA Xaverian Missionaries specializing in Buddhism

The Inter-Faith Leadership Council of Metropolitan Detroit hosted the 26th North American Interfaith Network (NAIN) Connect Conference: “Bridging Borders and Boundaries” on the Wayne State University campus from Sunday August 10 through Wednesday, August 13, 2014.

Participants listed 46 different religious affiliations, representing an impressive cross-section of North America’s religious thought and spiritual identity. I had the privilege of attending it as the representative of the Xaverian Missionaries, and it was quite a memorable experience.

There were two mornings of interactive workshops which included topics such as: “Exploring values that bridge boundaries”; “Spirituality and meditation”; “Welcoming the stranger.”
In the afternoon we had site visits showcasing the city of Detroit and its rich tapestry of faith communities. It was good to see how our shared values, and interesting differences, can become means to build vibrant communities where people of different religions and creeds can live in friendship, side by side. Detroit’s interfaith community had much to share with us by way of experiences and best practices.

Focusing in particular on the area of education, Prof. Robert Bruttell, of Religious Studies at the University of Detroit Mercy and Chair of Interfaith Leadership of Metropolitan Detroit, noticed how very few people know much about other people’s religions, and more lamentable, how most people in the United States know so little about their own religious traditions. This “religious illiteracy,” as he calls this phenomenon, “is making it difficult for us to live together.” (Message from the IFLC Chair).

The Conference looked like more of a reunion of old friends than of a formal Symposium. A bit nervous and hesitant at the beginning, since I was new to the group, I become more confident and at ease as we were progressing, and found myself among friends and at home at the end.

Thumbing through the booklet and the various messages of welcome and the conference sponsors, I noticed that, seemingly, leaders of the great historical religions were missing at the Conference. It was regretful since events of this kind are a golden opportunity to gain a better knowledge and understanding of each other. The patient weaving of connections that made the Conference possible was done at grass root level, by the so -called “laity.” It turned out to be a “blessing in disguise” since the discussions became more informal and cordial.

Desks in the Atrium Hallway displayed flyers and hand-outs about the religious beliefs of participants, showcasing the variety of religious groups and creeds.

In the course of the conversations there were no attempts of proselyting, only the witness to the personal faith-beliefs and the desire to clarify and dispel possible misrepresentations and prejudices.

Talks over a cup of coffee during breaks became a precious way of collecting information and beginning new friendships.

There were moments of silent prayer: I especially liked the one led by Bill Secrest at the end of the Conference. In the deep silence which enveloped us, we came to realize how silent-prayer can help people to connect at a very deep level, deeper than any verbal discussion.

This powerful experience made me wish that, alongside with the time dedicated to “sharing” and “bonding,” equal amount of time should be given to “listening” and “silence.” (Silence in this context to be understood not only as the absence of noise, but, most so as the absence of the chatter of the “ego.”)

Failure to listen leads to judgment, prejudice and fear. 

Also the reality, God/divine, we try to describe defies words. Since our knowledge of God is limited, our language about this reality is equally so. We can name God only by taking creatures as our starting point, and in accordance with our limited human ways of knowing and thinking.
We are aware how between Creator and creature no similitude can be expressed without implying an even greater dissimilitude”; and concerning God, we cannot grasp what he/she is, but rather only what he/she is not.
Believers can only point at, not describe this reality. The best way to honor it is silence; at this stage it is no longer a silence of ignorance, but a silence of fullness. Similar to the one between lovers, when the simple holding of hands tells more than words. It is like wanting to “describe the fragrance of a rose,” in the words of late Fr. Anthony De Mello. It is simply impossible.

The various speakers also tried to dispel prejudices emphasizing what unites us as far more than that which could divide us, recommitting themselves to the pursuit of peace.  

With so much violence in our current headlines, it is important that people of all faith orientations support peace and justice. It is necessary that all factions in the bloody conflicts across our globe should be urged by believers to work out peaceable and just solutions.

In this context, I was impressed by a statement which came at this time from Vatican's Pontifical Council for Inter-Religious Dialogue. It called on all religious leaders, especially Muslims to directly condemn the attacks and take a stance against jihadists and their “unspeakable criminal acts.” Failing to do so, reads the statement, would undermine the credibility of religion, its followers and its leaders. 

The Vatican documents states clearly that “no cause and no religion can justify such barbarity such as the killing of people based on their religion,” including beheadings and crucifixion, forced conversion to Islam or paying a tax for not converting, abductions of girls and women and the occupation or destruction of places of worship. (See for further reading

The Vatican document described in a more articulated manner, what was the common feeling among the NAIN participants: namely that all war is a crime, but “religious war” is a blasphemy, in the awareness that the only “holy” war that a believer can wage is the one against his/her own ‘ego’ in order to surrender in silent adoration to God/divine.

The well-known prayer of St. Francis makes it clear:

“Lord, make me an instrument of Your peace;
Where there is hatred, let me sow love;
Where there is injury, pardon;
Where there is despair, hope;
And where there is sadness, joy.

O Divine Master, Grant that I may not so much seek
To be consoled as to console;
To be understood as to understand;
To be loved as to love.
For it is in giving that we receive;
It is in pardoning that we are pardoned;

And it is in dying that we are born to eternal life.”

At the end of the Conference we realized how two full days are too short a time to tackle problems of this caliber, nevertheless we had taken one more baby steps in the journey towards that peace which is the aim of all religions.

The journey ahead of us is long and it can be covered only one step at a time.

Fr. Michael Davitti SX

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

An Alternative Route on the Road Map for Peace

Muslims and Christians protecting each other in Egypt during recent reprisals
against coptic Christians by extremists.
Why the senseless violence? Why the boundless bloodshed? These questions are often asked about the conflict between Israelis and the Palestinians. But it hasn’t always been so.

Franciscan priests and archaeologists Virgilio C. Corbo and Stanislao Loffreda worked at Capernaum on the Sea of Galilee from 1968 to 1991 and discovered that in the early Islamic period of the 7th and 8th centuries, not only did Jews, Christians and Muslims get along with each other, they actually helped each other. Excavations in the church over the home of St. Peter unearthed mosaic tiles which gave specific instructions for the sharing of goods with Jewish and Muslim neighbors.

The Middle East stands at the crossroads of creating a humanitarian cataclysm or a just and lasting peace. With all the horrific pitfalls of military retaliation and the quagmires of political resolutions it’s time to explore an alternative course of action to solve the seemingly endless enmity and insurmountable problems between two societies whose heritage can be traced back to a common origin. Interfaith Dialogue may prove to be a starting point for bringing people together rather than keeping them apart.

Monotheism was born in the Middles East. Jews, Christians and Muslims all call Abraham “father.” As members of the same extended faith family it’s about time these religions came together to forge a new path to peace, a peace which all three faiths foster.

The principles of Interfaith Dialogue are:
1) Recognition of the other’s beliefs and claim to truth as they see it and experience it.
2) Appreciation of differences while emphasizing commonalities.
3) Respectful engagement and interaction.
4) Acknowledgement of shared principles, values, goals and aspirations.
5) Desire to work together for the common good and benefit of all in justice and peace.

The Conference of Major Superiors of Men endorses a just, peaceful and lasting solution in the Middle East, which ends the occupation and promotes deep social reconciliation.The Xaverian Missionaries have worked in Interfaith Dialogue since their inception at the turn of the 20th Century and can attest to its efficacy.

On a macro level a faith summit in Jerusalem, considered sacred to all three Abrahamic beliefs, could be convened to bring religious and lay leaders and delegates from the Jewish, Christian and Muslim communities together in an atmosphere of mutual regard and acceptance. These men and women could engage each other in respectful discourse and the interchange of ideas without the road blocks of political posturing and socio-economic hurdles. No inflammatory propaganda and no hate-speech would be tolerated; no recrimination or retaliation; no provisos or reprisals. There would be an attempt at mutual understanding of the fears and hopes of their respective communities, and compassionate resolve to address their needs and concerns.

On a micro level, there could be interfaith outreach and dialogue meetings and chapters in synagogues, churches and mosques across the ‘Holy Land’ where people could get to know each other as neighbors and perhaps even friends who depend upon each other for their livelihoods and well-being, rather than adversaries and enemies bent upon mutual annihilation.

Those participating would be united in their effort to create a sustained path toward justice and peace. Their progress and outcomes could have a major impact on secular society and prove that given the right atmosphere and circumstances people can find solutions.

It has been done before albeit over a millennium ago. It can be done again. It must be done for the sake of humanity! A better world is possible. Peace in the Middle East can be achieved if we take the first steps back in the right direction set forth in the streets of Capernaum so long ago.  Interfaith Dialogue can lead the way.

Wednesday, August 13, 2014

Declaration of Condemnation of Islamic State and their Persecution Against Christians, Yezidis, and other Minority Religious Traditions

The Pontifical Council of Interreligious Dialogue from the Holy See issued a declaration against the atrocities of Islamic State in northern Iran, formerly known as ISIS. At the same time, Islamic leaders worldwide are denouncing Islamic State and urging an international cooperation to assist the Christians, Yezidi's and other minority religious traditions and to find ways to neutralize the actions of Islamic State in Iraq.

The Xaverian Missionaries unequivocally condemn the crimes of Islamic State and their perverse use of religion to force their views on others. We side with the whole Church and with all that denounce such terror. We also wish to continue to encourage interreligious dialogue as the best means toward a change of heart, renewed understanding of each other, interfaith cooperation, and peace.

The whole world has witnessed with incredulity what is now called the "Restoration of the Caliphate," which had been abolished on October 29,1923 by Kamal Ataturk, founder of modern Turkey. Opposition to this "restoration" by the majority of religious institutions and Muslim politicians has not prevented the "Islamic State" jihadists from committing and continuing to commit unspeakable criminal acts. 

This Pontifical Council, together with all those engaged in interreligious dialogue, followers of all religions, and all men and women of good will, can only unambiguously denounce and condemn these practices which bring shame on humanity: 

 -the massacre of people on the sole basis of their religious affiliation; 
 -the despicable practice of beheading, crucifying and hanging bodies in public places;  -the choice imposed on Christians and Yezidis between conversion to Islam, payment of a tax (jizya) or forced exile; 
 -the forced expulsion of tens of thousands of people, including children, elderly, pregnant women and the sick; 
 -the abduction of girls and women belonging to the Yezidi and Christian communities as spoils of war (sabaya); 
 -the imposition of the barbaric practice of infibulation; 
 -the destruction of places of worship and Christian and Muslim burial places; 
 -the forced occupation or desecration of churches and monasteries; 
 -the removal of crucifixes and other Christian religious symbols as well as those of other 
 religious communities; 
 -the destruction of a priceless Christian religious and cultural heritage; 
 -indiscriminate violence aimed at terrorizing people to force them to surrender or flee. No cause, and certainly no religion, can justify such barbarity. This constitutes an extremely serious offense to humanity and to God who is the Creator, as Pope Francis has often reminded us. 

We cannot forget, however, that Christians and Muslims have lived together - it is true with ups and downs - over the centuries, building a culture of peaceful coexistence and civilization of which they are proud. Moreover, it is on this basis that, in recent years, dialogue between Christians and Muslims has continued and intensified. 

The dramatic plight of Christians, Yezidis and other religious communities and ethnic minorities in Iraq requires a clear and courageous stance on the part of religious leaders, especially Muslims, as well as those engaged in interreligious dialogue and all people of good will. All must be unanimous in condemning unequivocally these crimes and in denouncing the use of religion to justify them. If not, what credibility will religions, their followers and their leaders have? What credibility can the interreligious dialogue that we have patiently pursued over recent years have? 

Religious leaders are also called to exercise their influence with the authorities to end these crimes, to punish those who commit them and to reestablish the rule of law throughout the land, ensuring the return home of those who have been displaced. While recalling the need for an ethical management of human societies, these same religious leaders must not fail to stress that the support, funding and arming of terrorism is morally reprehensible. 

That said, the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue is grateful to all those who have already raised their voices to denounce terrorism, especially that which uses religion to justify it. Let us therefore unite our voices with that of Pope Francis: "May the God of peace stir up in each one of us a genuine desire for dialogue and reconciliation. Violence is never defeated by violence. Violence is defeated by peace. " [01287-02.01] 

[Original text: French - working translation]

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Looking Beyond Our Worlds: Christians and Muslims During Ramadan

Here I am, second from the left, together with the family of  Bilal (fourth from the left)
 and his wife Betul (left), originally from Turkey. The two cute kids in front of us are their twin
daughters of four years and their teen daughter on the right.
Through the generous work of the Peace Islands Institute, I was able to celebrate IFTAR, the breaking of the day of fast during Ramadan with a Muslim family in our area in north New Jersey. Ramadan, for our Muslim brothers and sisters worldwide, is a special time of a more intense prayer (salat), fasting and a greater solidarity with the poorest in their great desire to surrender to God (Islam).  Iftar meals in the United States are often held at mosques, households, and Islamic community centers. On 9 December 1805, President Thomas Jefferson postponed dinner at the White House until sunset to accommodate an envoy from Tunis, an event considered by many to be the first White House Iftar.

As Xaverian Missionaries, we are focused today in laser fashion on the importance of interfaith dialogue, both those of other religious traditions and those of no religious traditions, including humanists, atheists and agnostics. I cannot say it any better than St. John Paul II in Nigeria in 1982: "All of us, Christians and Muslims, live under the sun of the one merciful God. We both believe in one God who is the creator of man. We acclaim God's sovereignty and we defend humanity's dignity as God's servant. We adore God and profess total submission to him. Thus, in a true sense, we can call one another brothers and sisters in faith in the one God.”

We sat at table, passed the delicacies of Turkish Muslim culture during Ramadan, talked easily with one another as if we have always been neighbors, despite the differences between us.  We talked of Bilal's family, his son doing a summer course in economics in Boston, the journey of their family from Turkey to Philadelphia, to Totowa, New Jersey near New York I shared our concerns our Catholics and how we can be part of healing a world seething with fear of the other. We also talked of the state of the world in Syria, Iraq, Turkey and other places, the perverse use of religion and what we as Christians and Muslims really dreamed of :dialogue, renewed understanding of each other, solidarity, and peace. Here too in the USA, where the fear of Islam pervades many non-Muslims, we have a particular responsibility to dialogue. It is us together who can set the record straight. At the end of the meal, we watched lovingly as his two young daughters were coaxed to pray at the end of the meal in the Turkish language. One was very shy and the second took up the responsibility with bravery and childlike playfulness. After they finished, I was asked to pray for his family and guest, thanking God and asking that this Ramadan will truly re-fashion us all anew.

After dinner one of our Muslim guests asked Bilal to be excused so he may pray. The others in the family already did so privately in anticipation of providing hospitality to us without interruption.  We did so over warm and comforting cups of Turkish tea and sweets. I was struck by their respect to their non-Muslim guests as such a time. This kind of deferance is something that should make up all faiths as they seek each other out.

As we concluded the evening and headed out the door, the two small daughters wished to share their own unique goodbyes to me. One of them said to me: "Fr. Carl, goodbye, I love you." The second twin affirmed the wishes of her sister, probably out of jealousy, when she told me: "I love you too." This happened not long before both longingly asked me what my name is. These are the innocent expressions of young children in an adult and unruly world. In some ways, these two adorable children represent children and families of all faiths and traditions. I pray for this kind of innocence in us all. Blessed are the humble of heart.